Morning has arrived and Theseus, Hippolyta, and Egeus are walking through the woods. It is possible that the Moon set during the night allowing Lysander to escape in the moonlight and for the actors to rehearse, then for the wood episode to occur without moonlight.
The fairies then disappear, and Theseus and Hippolyta arrive on the scene, during an early morning hunt. As they rehearse "Pyramus and Thisbe," Puck secretly listens, appalled by their awful acting. He in part refuted the ideas of Jan Kott concerning the sexuality of Oberon and the fairies.
While Puck and the fairy talk, Titania and Oberon enter from opposite ends of the stage. The juice employed by Oberon can be seen as symbolising menstrual blood as well as the sexual blood shed by virgins.
Titania and Bottom Maurice Hunt, Chair of the English Department at Baylor Universitywrites of the blurring of the identities of fantasy and reality in the play that make possible "that pleasing, narcotic dreaminess associated with the fairies of the play". InCharles Cowden Clarke also wrote on this play.
Ulrici noted the way Theseus and Hippolyta behave here, like ordinary people. As they discuss their plans, Helena enters.
Hunt suggests that it is the breaking down of individual identities that leads to the central conflict in the story. Theseus and Hippolyta represent marriage and, symbolically, the reconciliation of the natural seasons or the phases of time. Dent argued against theories that the exemplary model of love in the play is the rational love of Theseus and Hippolyta.
Instead, Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius, not having actually seen either before, and administers the juice to the sleeping Lysander. Oberon orders Puck to keep Lysander and Demetrius from catching up with one another and to remove the charm from Lysander so Lysander can return to love Hermia, while Demetrius continues to love Helena.
The connection of the incidents to each other seemed rather forced to Gentleman. At the end of the play, Puck extends the idea of dreams to the audience members themselves, saying that, if they have been offended by the play, they should remember it as nothing more than a dream.
Shakespeare uses magic both to embody the almost supernatural power of love symbolized by the love potion and to create a surreal world. Like several of his predecessors, Gervinus thought that this work should be read as a text and not acted on stage.
Theseus decides the other lovers should be married along with him and Hippolyta.
In his view, Hermia lacks in filial obedience and acts as if devoid of conscience when she runs away with Lysander.
He reminded his readers that this is the character of Theseus from Greek mythologya creation himself of "antique fable". It was considered a time to celebrate the first bliss of new and reunited lovers.
Oberon and Theseus bring harmony out of discord. Tennenhouse contrasts the patriarchal rule of Theseus in Athens with that of Oberon in the carnivalistic Faerie world.
She notes, however, that Hudson too believed that the play should be viewed as a dream. He also thought Bottom was redeemed through the maternal tenderness of Titania, which allowed him to understand the love and self-sacrifice of Pyramus and Thisbe. He especially praised the poetry and wit of the fairies, and the quality of the verse involved.
Before a serious fight breaks out between Demetrius and Lysander, Oberon has Puck create a fog that will keep the lovers from finding one another.
However, Theseus does not punish the lovers for their disobedience. Determined to await his friends, he begins to sing to himself. He also emphasised the ethically ambivalent characters of the play.
Oberon realizes that Puck has anointed the wrong Athenian with the love juice. Based on this reasoning, Dryden defended the merits of three fantasy plays: At one level, the story of the four young Athenians asserts that although "The course of true love never did run smooth," true love triumphs in the end, bringing happiness and harmony.
Part of the comic charm of the play derives from the fact that the complications work out so that the conclusion, which could be unhappy, results in joy, marriage, and order. The play ultimately reconciles the seemingly opposing views and vindicates imagination.- A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the title brings to mind the warmth of summer and sweet, pleasant dreams.
The play however has little to do with warm summer nights and happy dreams. Instead the play repeatedly pokes fun at the unfortunate situations in which the character find themselves. A Midsummer Night's Dream Essay. BACK; NEXT ; Writer’s block can be painful, but we’ll help get you over the hump and build a great outline for your paper.
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One of Shakespeare¹s better plays, ³A Midsummer¹s Night Dream² incorporates 4 plots in one. It intertwines these four plots without mixing the characters or the themes.
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A summary of Themes in William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of A Midsummer Night’s Dream and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests. A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in / It portrays the events surrounding the marriage of Theseus, the Duke of Athens, to Hippolyta, the former queen of the Amazons.Download