Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.
Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.
APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.
Your abstract guide to reference writing apa should already include the page header described above.
Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
This is called hanging indentation. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Do not use titles Dr. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. Times New Roman font.Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2 nd printing. Navigation; Purdue OWL; General Writing. General Writing Introduction A Guide for Professional Writing. APA Guide.
Home - APA Quick Start Writing Guide; Typing Quest; Writing help Answers; APA & Citing. Citing (APA Guide) NoodleTools; Questions? cite it parenthetically within the text of the appendix and include the reference in the main reference list for the paper (do not create a separate reference list).
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
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