The aspects of the second punic war in hannibal crosses the alps by john prevas

Upon receiving this information, the consul dispatched his army up the river in boats, but arrived too late. Some military critics, notably Napoleon,[80] challenge that this was actually the place where the ambush took place, but the valley through which the Carthaginians were marching was the only one that could sustain a population that was capable of attacking the Carthaginian army and simultaneously sustaining the Carthaginians on their march.

Hannibal formulated his plan according to this model as indeed it is held up as a cookie cutter way to cross rivers, even to cadets at military institutions to this day ordered one of his lieutenants; Hanno, Son of Bomilcar[57][60] to make a northern circuit,[60] to cross the Rhone at a location that he deemed to be suitable for the purpose, and then by forced marches, march south and to take the Barbarian army in flank while he was crossing the river.

The rearguard was well manned to ensure that it could skirmish with the Roman army while the main body of his infantry and cavalry could form up for battle against the Romans if they should attack from that quarter.

Speaking through an interpreter,[69] Magilus spoke of the support that the recently conquered Padane Gauls had for the Carthaginians and their mission of destroying Rome.

Please read my full and illustrated review at Italophile Book Reviews. Hannibal had soldiers from the Belearics in his army.

In addition, all the booty from the sacking of the city was taken back to Carthage and distributed to the populace, in order to rally their support to his cause.

It would be easy indeed to establish intimate relations with these disaffected tribes, especially once he had debouched from the Alps and was amongst them and the Insubres and Boii and other tribes could see and speak with this army for themselves. In BC, he had begun to communicate intimately with the Padane Gauls called the "Padane Gauls" because the Po in this era was called the "Padus" by the Romansand these embassies brought with them offers of money, food and guides to the Carthaginian.

As he was relying upon contingents of forces coming to him in Italy via the land route he was about to head out upon, he must take and conquer this country.

Hannibal Crosses the Alps: The Invasion of Italy & the Second Punic War

Hannibal marched his men back to the point in their path prior to their detour, near the broken stretch of the path and set up camp. Up until the Alps proper, he did not have to fend off any tribes.

Conducted his enterprise with consummate judgement; for he had accurately ascertained the excellent nature of the country in which he was to arrive, and the hostile disposition of its inhabitants towards the Romans; and he had for guides and conductors through the difficult passes which lay in the way of natives of the country, men who were to partake of the same hopes with himself[35] See Siege of Saguntum These preparations being completed, Hannibal sought to induce the Saguntines to come to arms with him and thereby declare war on Rome through her proxy.

The men that did return with him only did so after an unbelievable seventeen years. We learn of archeological and linguistic evidence about the rivals, and how both societies functioned, and how they grew from small settlements to trading superpowers.

Hannibal in the Alps

Despite their established tactical system formations and troop evolutions, etc. Finally, having got these new legions together — in a much more leisurely fashion than the urgency of the situation demanded of him — he set sail from Ostia.

Marching west from Carthage[11] towards the Pillars of Hercules,[12] where his army crossed the strait and proceeded to subdue the peninsula, in the course of nine years[9][10][12] Hamilcar conquered the southeastern portion of the peninsula.

The events after the Alp crossing are condensed in the final sixth of the book. In this period, the body as a whole had marched 75 miles. Aeneas, after fleeing Troy, Ilium, having been defeated by mainland Greeks, and after spending a year in Cartha The book, rather short, is also much longer than really needed, the author repeating himself, well, repeatedly, while the quality of the maps that are to support his alternate views on where Hannibal crossed the alps are lacking.

There was barely even a semblance of resistance;[64] surrounded as they were, pandemonium took control of their ranks, and each man looked to his own safety as they retreated pell-mell away from the carefully arrayed Carthaginian phalanx.

The cavalry would skirmish with the Roman scouts, while giving the rest of the army time to form up. He attacked the tribe known as the Olcades and captured their chief town of Althaea. This was done to serve two purposes: As long as Hannibal had no ships to keep himself abreast of the exact movements of the Romans, he wanted to be present in person in case the Romans should make a landing in an attempt to attack his army on its ascent or descent through the Pyrenees.

They had a number of allies in this country, and he could not allow the Romans a place to land in his base unopposed. Some of these tribes were friendly to his cause, others were opposed to him.Carthage declined and Rome declared war in March BCE.

The Second Punic War was underway. Hannibal Crosses the Alps - Cannae. Hannibal expected Rome to attack his position in Spain and, indeed, a Roman army was sent there with 60 quinqueremes under the command of P.

Cornelius Scipio while another one sailed for Sicily. The. Hannibal's crossing of the Alps in BC was one of the major events of the Second Punic War, and one of the most celebrated achievements of any military force in ancient warfare.[1] Bypassing Roman and allied land garrisons and Roman naval dominance, Hannibal managed to lead his Carthaginian army over the Alps and into Italy to take the war.

Map of Hannibal's Crossing of the Alps. Hannibal's route across the Alps is one of those historical questions that cause endless debate even though the subject has no importance whatsoever.

This does not prevent us, however, from enjoying the puzzle and adding some extra speculations. John Prevas conducts a very thorough investigation into the route that Hannibal used in his famous B.C. crossing of the Alps from Spain to Italy and gives a proper historical context to the First and Second Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome/5.

John Prevas, writer and adventurer, holds degrees in history, political science, psychology, and forensics and has taught the classics for the last fifteen years. He is the author of Hannibal Crosses the Alps and Xenophon's March. He lives in Florida.5/5(2).

Hannibal's Crossing of the Alps

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The aspects of the second punic war in hannibal crosses the alps by john prevas
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